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雅思高分语法如何修炼成

上一篇 下一篇 mofairy 发表于:2016-09-05 11:12 浏览(738) 分享到微博

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雅思高分语法

——完成时态


雅思总分要上7,语法关一定要过。今天我们就给大家介绍一个口语写作加分的高分语法,完成时态和虚拟语气。熟练掌握,上7不愁。


Perfective Aspect 有关完成时态

from http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs/perfective-aspect

现在完成时:

We use the present perfect to show that something has continued up to the present

记得高中的时候,老师给我们划过这样的图

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现在完成时表示从过去持续到现在

They’ve been married for nearly fifty years.

他们结婚已经快50年了。

She has lived in Liverpool all her life.

她一生都住在利物浦。

… or is important in the present:


或者表示目前还很重要

I’ve lost my keys. I can’t get into the house.

我丢了钥匙,进不了屋了。

Teresa isn’t at home. I think she has gone shopping.

Teresa不在家,我认为她去购物去了。

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现在完成进行时:

We use the present perfect continuous to show that something has been continuing up to the present:

现在完成进行时描述的是某事一直不停持续到目前。


It’s been raining for hours.

过去几小时雨没停。


We’ve been waiting here since six o’clock this morning.

我们从早上六点就一直在这等。

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过去完成时:

We use the past perfect to show that something continued up to a time in the past:

过去完成时描述的是持续到过去的一个时刻。

When George died he and Anne had been married for nearly fifty years.

当George去世的时候,和他安妮已经结婚快50年了。

... or was important at that time in the past:

或者表示在过去那个时候很重要

I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys.

我当时进不去门,是因为我找不到钥匙。

Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.

Teresa那时候不在家,她出去购物了。

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过去完成进行时:

We use the past perfect continuous to show that something had been continuing up to a time in the past or was important at that time in the past:

过去完成进行时描述的是某事不停持续到过去某个时刻

Everything was wet. It had been raining for hours.

当时很湿,在此之前雨下了好几个小时。

He was a wonderful guitarist. He had been playing ever since he was a teenager.

他那时侯是一位出色的吉他手,他从十几岁就一直开始弹了。

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将来完成时:

We use will with the perfect to show that something will be complete at some time in the future:

用will和完成时态组合描述某事在将来某个时刻结束。

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In a few years they will have discovered a cure for the common cold.

再过几年,他们就会找到治疗普通感冒的药物。

I can come out tonight. I'll have finished my homework by then.

我今晚可以出来,预计那时候我会完成作业。


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